The economy of most ICPAC member countries rely on rain fed agriculture that is highly vulnerable to extreme weather and climate events such as floods and droughts. The main goal of the agriculture department is to collaborate with relevant agricultural institutions to provide climate information and early warning in support of society livelihood in the region and the IGAD Agriculture program.
The overall goal of the Programme is: The strategy for enhanced application of climate in the Agriculture, Livestock and Food Security sector includes:
- Carrying out advocacy programmes for member countries to include climate and early warning information in national and regional agriculture and livestock management policies. This will be achieved through:
- Regular sharing of climate information to address the issues of food security including policy making.
- Regular preparation of summaries on impacts of observed climate conditions on food security.
- Development of prototype disease and forage prediction models Work with partners in the development of prototype animal disease for instance Rift Valley Fever (RVF) prediction models. Finalize and test the prototype Rift Valley Fever disease prediction model. Establish links of emerging livestock diseases and new diseases strains related to climate change. Localizing climate information required by the agriculture, livestock and food security sector. Adjust agro-climate localizing models FACT-FIT, UON-ICPAC model. Develop forage prediction model by use of NDVI data. Develop prototype climate information publications, decision tools and educational materials to support adaptive decision making by relevant stakeholders.
- Translating the probable climate outlook in the region as predicted by ICPAC’s climate outlook forum into a regional food security outlook in response to food security risk through: Development of climate related crop thresholds for arid and semi-arid areas and quantified skills of the food security outlook. Holding regular Food Security Outlook Forum (FSOF) and develop regular seasonal consensus food security reports. Developing farm-level adaptation strategies to reduce the impacts of climate variability on agriculture production. Integrating data and knowledge on household economies and livelihoods in food security early warning analysis into regional food security early warning systems.
- Building capacity in climate, agriculture, livestock and food security experts through users’ specific workshops and pilot application projects Improve understanding of the impacts of climate variability on key agricultural production areas including input/output markets and vulnerable areas in the region such as arid and semi-arid areas. Identify appropriate management options to capitalize on opportunities and threats based on advance information about the forthcoming season.