"Fostering Climate Prediction and Applications"
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Agriculture

The economy of most ICPAC member countries rely on rain fed agriculture that is highly vulnerable to extreme weather and climate events such as floods and droughts. The main goal of the agriculture department is to collaborate with relevant agricultural institutions to provide climate information and early warning in support of society livelihood in the region and the IGAD agriculture programme.

The strategy for enhanced application of climate in the agriculture, livestock and food security sector includes:

Improved linkages and interactions between climate and agriculture/livestock/food security experts.

  1. Create awareness on factoring of climate information and early warning products in national and regional agriculture and livestock management policies.
  2. Enhance preparedness in the to respond to the expected climate opportunities and threats.
  3. Promote use of climate information to address the issues of food security including policy making.
  4. Regular preparation of summaries on impacts of observed climate conditions on food security.

Together with partners make effort towards the development of prototype disease and forage prediction models

  1. Downscale climate information required by the agriculture, livestock and food security sector.
  2. Calibrate agro-climate downscaling models FACT-FIT, UON-ICPAC model.
  3. Work with partners in the development of prototype animal disease (RVF etc) prediction models .
  4. Finalise and test the prototype Rift Valley Fever disease prediction model.
  5. Develop forage prediction model by use of NDVI data.
  6. Establish links of emerging livestock diseases and new diseases strains related to climate change.
  7. Develop prototype climate information products, decision tools and educational materials to support adaptive decision making by relevant stakeholders.

Enhance the translation of probabilistic climate outlook developed by the regional climate outlook forum into regional food security outlook risks

  1. Develop climate related crop thresholds for arid and semi-arid areas and quantified skills of the food security outlook.
  2. Hold regular food security outlook forum FSOF and develop regular seasonal consensus food security reports.
  3. Develop farm-level adaptation strategies to reduce the impacts of climate variability on agriculture production.
  4. Integrate data and knowledge on household economies and livelihoods in food security early warning analysis into regional food security early warning systems.

Build capacity in climate, agriculture, livestock and food security experts through users’ specific workshops and pilot application projects

  1. Improve understanding of the impacts of climate variability on key agricultural production areas including input/output markets and vulnerable areas in the region such as arid and semi arid areas.
  2. Identify appropriate management options to capitalize on opportunities and threats based on advance information about the forthcoming season.