IGAD Regional Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (2023-2030)
This IGAD Regional Climate Change Strategy (IRCCS) is organized around five parts. The first part introduces the evolution of IGAD and its context. It describes the geographical differences and vulnerability of the region and climate impact. Further, an analysis of the socio-economic context, especially poverty, food security, health, gender, conflict, and political instability is presented.
The second part provides an overview of the climate in the region, both past and current climate, based on observed data and projected trends of change under different scenarios. The third part presents frameworks and international agreements related to climate change mitigation, adaptation, as well as disaster risk management/reduction. The section also presents regional climate change responses, including Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory, policies and practices related to adaptation and mitigation actions.
The fourth part is the regional climate change strategy. It outlines the rationale, vision, goal, and strategic objectives of the strategy together with guiding principles. The key priority areas and strategic interventions are presented under four major result areas: (i) enabling the environment to implement climate change strategy and actions, including coordination, capacity building and resource mobilization, (ii) climate change strategies and actions are strengthened and mainstreamed in key economic sectors. The priority economic sectors include agriculture, livestock and fisheries, renewable energy and energy efficiency, industry and trade, transport, water resources, ecosystems and biodiversity, marine coastal areas, arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) and social development and demographic dynamics under climate security; (iii) regional capacity in climate-related knowledge generation and dissemination; (iv) Mitigation and Low Carbon Development.
The fifth part proposes a plan for the implementation of the strategy. The institutional arrangement for implementation, the key stakeholders for implementation and the implementation action plan are discussed in detail. Further, the resource requirements for implementation, potential sources for funding and resource mobilization plan are presented in detail. It also presents monitoring and evaluation for activities to be undertaken. It is important to note that the priority areas of IRCCS are aligned to the priorities of Member States contained in the NDCs and the national growth and transformation plans or visions of the countries. Moreover, IRCCS is designed to serve as a framework for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For this reason, the time span for the implementation of IRCCS is between 2023 and 2030. This will allow the region to synchronize relevant provisions/contents of the various instruments (NAP, NDCs, SDGs, the Paris Agreement, etc.) within a reasonable period.