Agriculture Seasonal Monitoring and Early Warning in Eastern Africa
Approximately 60% of the Horn of Africa region is under Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs). Close to 80% of the total population dependent on agriculture which is mainly subsistence and rain-fed. However, rainfall is uneven, inadequate and unreliable across most part of the region with recurrent droughts observed in a larger part of the region. Climatic analysis have shown that droughts are becoming more frequent in the region. This has been causing frequent food insecurity due to livelihoods being affected. In the IGAD State of the Region report (2016), agriculture's important role in food security, socio-economic development and even socio-political stability is highlighted. Thus with increasing droughts there has been an increasing trend of resource caused conflict and human migration.